Nature Notes

March 8, 2008

Panama – Chiriqui Highlands

Filed under: Birds,Panama — Tags: , , — Harold Stiver @ 10:22 am
White-bellied Mountain-gem

White-bellied Mountain-gem

The Chiriqui Highlands are situated in Panama near the southern border of Costa Rica. They are the southern portion of the Endemic Bird Area (EBA) called the Costa Rica-Panama Highlands which stretches from just south of the Nicaraguan border in Costa Rica almost to the Panama Canal. It is comprised of mountains and foothills over 1,000 m. in elevation to the highest part of the mountains at 3,800 m. It includes both the Caribbean and Pacific slopes. There are 49 species of birds endemic to this area as well as many subspecies. A summary of these species follows:

Following is a list of the 49 species recognized as endemic to the Highlands of Costa Rica and Panama. Additionally there are a large number of subspecies found there. (Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Conservation (Birdlife Conservation)


Black Guan Black-breasted Wood-Quail Buff-fronted Quail-Dove
Chiriqui Quail-Dove Sulphur-winged Parakeet Red-fronted Parrotlet
Dusky Nightjar Fiery-throated Hummingbird Black-bellied Hummingbird
White-tailed Emerald Coppery-headed Emerald White-bellied Mountain-gem
Magenta-throated Woodstar Scintillant Hummingbird Volcano Hummingbird
Glow-throated Hummingbird Orange-bellied Trogon Prong-billed Barbet
Ruddy Treerunner Streak-breasted Treehunter Silvery-fronted Tapaculo
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Dark Pewee Ochraceous Pewee
Black-capped Flycatcher Golden-bellied Flycatcher Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher
Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher Ochraceous Wren Timberline Wren
Black-faced Solitaire Black-billed Nightingale-Thrush Sooty Robin
Volcano Junco Large-footed Finch Yellow-thighed Finch
Yellow-green Finch Peg-billed Finch Black-thighed Grosbeak
Sooty-capped Bush-Tanager Golden-browed Chlorophonia Spangle-cheeked Tanager
Slaty Flower-Piercer Flame-throated Warbler Collared Redstart
Collared Redstart Wrenthrush Yellow-winged Vireo
Silvery-throated Jay

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  1. […] diversity of species including over 400 species of birds and 100 species of mammals. This includes 49 species endemic to the Costa Rica-Panama Highlands. Some of the birds to be seen are the Resplendant Quetzel, called by many the world’s most […]

    Pingback by Monteverde, Costa Rica | Nature Notes from Harold Stiver — September 19, 2008 @ 7:09 am

  2. […] spectacular of tropical birds, the Long-tailed Silky Flycatcher is found only in the highlands of Costa Rica and Panama. During the breeding season, they can be quite conspicuous. The female is similar to the male […]

    Pingback by Long-tailed Silky Flycatcher | Nature Notes from Harold Stiver — April 21, 2009 @ 7:05 am

  3. […] to have a bit of attitude for a such a small bird. The Ochraceous Wren, Troglodytes ochraceus, is endemic to the highlands of Panama and Costa Rica. It builds its nest in epiphytes about 15-20 feet […]

    Pingback by Ochraceous Wren, Troglodytes ochraceus | Nature Notes — June 27, 2009 @ 7:08 am

  4. […] these ingredients will create a wondrous diversity of life. The image above was taken in the Chiriqui Highlands of […]

    Pingback by A Bit of the Cloud Forest, Panama | Nature Notes — February 20, 2011 @ 2:20 pm

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